#### The following multi-part constructed response question, explained here in hopes of helping algebra students in Maryland and Illinois prepare for the PARCC test near the end of this school year, appears on the released version of PARCC’s Spring 2015 test in algebra 1, here:

### Part A

Suppose that ** y = 2x – 3**. The following points lie on the graph of this equation.

(*A*,*a***2**)*a*–3(*B*,*b***2**)*b*–3(*C*,*c***2**)*c*–3

Amy claims that the slopes of are equal. Prove that Amy’s claim is correct. Show your work and explain your reasoning.

Enter your answer, your work, and your explanation in the space provided.

### Part B

Are the points (–1, 1) and (1, –1) on the graph of ** y = 2x – 3**?

Show your work and explain your reasoning.

Enter your answer, your work, and your explanation in the space provided.

## Resources for further study

**Purple Math**, developed by Elizabeth Stapel, a math teacher from the St Louis area, has a few pages on determining the slope of a line and uses some of the same types of equations I did above. The pages start here.

The **Khan Academy**, developed by Sal Khan, an engineer who has created a library of thousands of video lessons, has several videos dealing with the determination of the slope of a line, including this one that describes how to determine the slope of a line given two points.

Appendix B-3 of **Paul A Foerster’s book** *Algebra and Trigonometry* deals with reasoning by mathematical induction, as required to solve this problem. The root principle of mathematical induction is this:

**If you can show that:**

*Assuming that*one statement in a series of statements being true*means that*the next statement is true, and- One of the statements in the series of statements actually
*is*true,

then **you can conclude** that *all* of the statements are true, starting with the one that actually is true and moving forward.

Complete reference: Foerster, Paul A. *Algebra and Trigonometry: Functions and Applications*, revised edition. Addison-Wesley, 1980, 1984. The book is used in several algebra classes taught in middle and high schools in both Illinois and Maryland.

## Analysis of this question and online accessibility

The question measures knowledge of the Common Core standard and math practices it purports to measure and tests students’ ability to make reasonable conclusions about a line based on their knowledge of lines and the properties of lines. It is considered to have a median cognitive demand.

The question can be tested online and should yield results that are as valid and reliable as those obtained on paper. Students online may experience difficulties using the equation editor to show their math in determining the slope. We have previously described problems with the user interface of the equation editor tool (see here), and we will not repeat that argument here. However, we will use the opportunity to remind those of you taking the PARCC math test to spend a little extra time on problems with the equation editor to:

- Make sure you have typed in all the work necessary to make your case
- Transfer all your work from scratch paper to the computer so you can receive credit for it

No special accommodation challenges can be identified with this question, so the question is considered fair.

## Challenge

Prove the distributive property by induction: *a*(*x*_{1} + … + *x*_{n}) = *ax*_{1} + … + *ax*_{n}

You will need to incorporate the well-ordering axiom, which says that in any non-empty set of positive integers, there exists a *least* element.

## Purpose of this series of posts

Voxitatis is developing blog posts that address every algebra 1 question released to the public by the Partnership for Assessment of Readiness for College and Careers, or PARCC, in order to help students prepare to take the test this spring.

Our total release will run from February 27 through March 15, with one or two questions discussed per day. Then we’ll move to geometry at the end of March, algebra 2 during the first half of April, and eighth grade during the last half of April.