About 1 in 5 young people regularly wake up in the night to send or check messages on social media, according to new research published today in the Journal of Youth Studies. This nighttime activity is making teenagers three times more likely to feel constantly tired at school than their peers who do not log on at night, and could be affecting their happiness and well-being.
Over 900 pupils, aged between 12–15 years, were recruited and asked to complete a questionnaire about how often they woke up at night to use social media and times of going to bed and waking. They were also asked about how happy they were with various aspects of their life including school life, friendships and appearance.
About 1 in 5 reported ‘almost always’ waking up to log on, with girls much more likely to access their social media accounts during the night than boys.
Those who woke up to use social media nearly every night, or who didn’t wake up at a regular time in the morning, were around three times as likely to say they were constantly tired at school compared to their peers who never log on at night or wake up at the same time every day.
Moreover, pupils who said they were always tired at school were, on average, significantly less happy than other young people.
Editor’s note: This study presents a correlation, and it makes no conclusions about what is causing students to be less happy. It could be lack of sleep or some other variable that affects both their happiness and their sleeplessness. Finding out that students who do “A” also tend to do “B” does not even imply that “A” causes “B” but rather suggests a possible link between the two. Here that link is between social media use at night and overall happiness and well-being.
“Our research shows that a small but significant number of children and young people say that they often go to school feeling tired—and these are the same young people who also have the lowest levels of well-being,” said the study’s lead author, Sally Power, co-director of the Wales Institute for Social & Economic Research, Data & Methods, in the UK. “One in five young people questioned woke up every night and over one-third wake up at least once a week to check for messages. Use of social media appears to be invading the ‘sanctuary’ of the bedroom.”
The study findings support growing concerns about young people’s nighttime use of social media. However, because of the complex range of possible explanations for tiredness at school, further larger studies will be needed before any firm conclusions can be made about the social causes and consequences of sleep deprivation among today’s youth.